Wednesday, 29. March 2017

Near and Middle East

Iraqi Communist PartyWe reproduce an Interview by »Nameh Mardom«, the central organ of the Tudeh Party of Iran, with Salam Ali, member of the Central Committee of the Iraqi Communist Party:

Perhaps we could start this interview with a question about the developments in the war to defeat ISIS in Mosul and expel them from Iraq. The news is that the Iraqi forces have recaptured Mosul airport and areas in the west of the city. Could you please tell us about the significance of these developments for future of Iraq's security in relation to the presence of foreign military presence, specifically the US.

The battle for the liberation of the city of Mosul from Daesh (the so-called Isis) is continuing, after successfully retaking the eastern side. The Iraqi armed forces have already seized back Mosul airport, a big military camp and three districts. The battle’s outcome is of enormous political significance for Iraq, as it will contribute to shaping the political landscape post-Daesh. The country will be facing several challenges after the military defeat of Daesh. These include the ability of the security forces to curtail the operations of terrorist sleeper cells, the fate of para-military formations; the future of “disputed territories” between the federal government and the Kurdistan regional government (KRG); and plans that have been put forward with regard to Nineveh province to split it up into several provinces. In addition, there is the need for concrete measures to achieve societal and national reconciliation and build civil peace, as well as confronting schemes aimed at dividing up Iraq.

The Portuguese Communist Party condemns the continued xenhophobic and segregationist action of the Israeli government against the Palestinian citizens of Israel and especially the violent actions against the Umm Al-Hiran population – a village in the Al Naqab desert – and conveys the solidarity of the Portuguese Communists to the struggle they are waging in defence of their rights.

Iraqi Communist PartyWe condemn violence against demonstrators and demand those responsible be brought to account

This morning, Saturday 11 February 2017, thousands of our Iraqi people rallied in a peaceful demonstration in Tahrir (Liberation) Square in central Baghdad. Their statements, slogans and chants expressed their determination to continue their march on the path of reform and change and combating corruption. Demonstrators demanded the dissolution of the Electoral Commission and the formation of a new commission that is truly independent, away from the quota system, ensuring that the candidates for its board of trustees are characterized by integrity, credibility, professionalism and impartiality. They also called upon the parliament to legislate a fair and equitable election law that expands participation in decision-making, is non-exclusionary, does not impose the hegemony and domination of certain forces and blocs, and protects the voice of the voters and safeguards their will in choosing their representatives.

With a resolution voted on 23rd December, the Security Council of the United Nations reaffirmed that Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories of the West Bank are illegal and constitute a flagrant violation of the International Law, and demanded the immediate end to the expansion of the settlements.

SyriaThe Army and the Armed Forces General Command of Syria on Thursday declared a comprehensive cessation of hostilities across all the territories of the Syrian Arab Republic starting at 00:00 on 30/12/2016 in the wake of the victories and advances achieved by the Syrian armed forces on more than a front. The Command added that the terrorist organizations of Jabhat al-Nusra and the ISIS and the groups affiliated to them are excluded from the agreement, pointing out that the ceasefire comes with the aim of creating suitable circumstances for supporting the political track of the crisis in Syria.

Citizens of Aleppo celebrate the liberation of their city. Photo: SANACitizens of Aleppo celebrate the liberation of their city. Photo: SANAThe Syrian General Command of the army and armed forces announced on Thursday the restoration of security and stability to Aleppo after liberating it from terrorism and terrorists and the exit of their remnants from the city. »The restoration of security and stability to Aleppo is a victory which forms a strategic juncture and important turning point in the fight against terrorism, from one point, and a blow to the terrorist project and its supporters from another«, the Army’s general command said in a statement. It added that this important step affirms the capability of the Syrian army and its allies to terminate the war against terrorist organizations and establishes a new era to expel terrorism from all Syrian territories.

The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Turkey, meeting in Moscow on 20 December 2016, agreed on the following.

1. Iran, Russia and Turkey reiterate their full respect for sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic as multi-ethnic, multi-religious, non-sectarian, democratic and secular state.

Syrian Communist Party (Unified)The following statement addressed to the member parties of the International Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties was issued by the Syrian Communist Party (Unified) on Dec. 7, prior to the full liberation of Aleppo but as it became clear that the opposition would be defeated.

Dear comrades:

As is well known, our party, along with other progressive and patriotic parties of Syria, is struggling against what is nowadays considered one of most barbarous imperialist aggressions of the period since World War Two, a struggle against the most extremist and fundamentalist radical movements of this century like al-Nusra Front, ISIS and al-Qaeda which have been condemned internationally.

The huge humanitarian disaster that the intervention of the imperialist coalition of Saudi Arabia has caused in Yemen, is highlighted by the UN data, although the Agency is avoiding to name the culprit of this tragedy.

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